Bioavailability of CBD Sublingual Use
Methods of Administration
The most common way to receive substances into the body is through ingestion, aka eating and drinking. It is not always the most efficient method, but the vast majority of our daily intake is processed through this route.
Various nutrients and compounds are necessary and desirable to generate specific results in the body. These can be anything from medications and vitamins, which stimulate health or even caffeine, sugar and fats. Everything that is taken into the body has some effect. The amount of nutrition gained or effect generated is based on the bioavailability of the compound.
What is Bioavailability?
Bioavailability is a term used in pharmacology, nutritional and environmental sciences referring to the degree and rate at which an administered compound is absorbed by the body’s circulatory system. When a compound is highly bioavailable, the body can absorb a large percentage of it consistently. Method of administration plays a crucial role in bioavailability. Recent years have produced an upward trend in the sublingual administration of compounds due to the high rate of bioavailability it allows. Considered a 100% effective way to receive all of the nutrients available, intravenous administration is the standard measurement for bioavailability. This route of administration is not reasonable for all compounds, nor is it practical for health reasons.
The word “sub” means under. “Lingual” refers to the tongue.” Sublingual administration involves placing a substance under the tongue, allowing it to dissolve and absorb through that tissue. The mucous membranes under the tongue are ideal for absorption due to the large number of capillaries and blood vessels located there. The only risk of degradation prior to entering the bloodstream is the minor effect of salivary enzymes. This direct route foregoes the digestive tract, thus maintaining the efficacy of the compound. Avoiding metabolization in the liver may induce a stronger result with less volume or concentration needed. There are a number of uses for sublingual administration. Some sublingual products include vitamins such as B12 and D3, supplements like melatonin, pain medication, caffeine and even breath mints. CBD sublingual administration is the most effective way to deliver cannabinoids into the bloodstream, though it is not the only way.
CBD Sublingual Administration
Though edibles infused with CBD oil may be delicious and smoking may be a tradition, CBD sublingual administration provides far more bioavailability. This means that you can take less of the substance sublingually and receive equal or greater effects because the compounds remain intact when entering the bloodstream. For proper CBD sublingual use, place your desired amount of CBD tincture under the tongue and leave it there without swallowing for one to two minutes. The longer you can wait and allow the oil to be absorbed by the mucous membranes under the tongue, the more effective your dose will be.